Ian C Enochs

UM/CIMAS-NOAA/AOML, 4301 Rickenbacker Cswy., Miami, FL 33149

o: +1.305.361.4399 ~ f: +1.305.361.4447

ienochs@rsmas.miami.edu ~ www.icenochs.com ~ ian.enochs@noaa.gov


·       Ph.D. Marine Biology and Fisheries, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Miami, FL (December, 2010)

Dissertation title: Motile cryptofauna of an eastern Pacific coral reef: Biodiversity and trophic contribution. http://scholarlyrepository.miami.edu/oa_dissertations/497

·       B.S. Degree in Marine Science and Biology, Cum Laude, Honors, Departmental honors, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (May, 2006)

Professional experience

Associate Scientist, UM/CIMAS, NOAA/AOML (06/01/16 - present)

Duties and accomplishments: Manage a diverse team of scientists and technicians. Develop, fund, and conduct state of the art science and monitoring programs which comprehensively address the impacts of global change on reef ecosystems. Published two first author publications, co-edited a book, and wrote three book chapters. Co-PI on more than a million dollars worth of grants. Designed and built state of the art Reef Ecosystem Acidification Lab at the University of Miami. Received three NOAA certificates of appreciation. Conducted collaborative research with the Australian Institute of Marine Science in Papua New Guinea. Chaired a session and presented research at the International Coral Reef Symposium. Communicated research across NOAA offices and at headquarters through the invited NOAA Science Days Lecture Series, as well as to wider audiences through public talks. Mentored an undergraduate student and served on a Master’s student committee.

Assistant Scientist, UM/CIMAS, NOAA/AOML (01/01/2014 - 05/29/16)

Duties and accomplishments: Conducted research, managed laboratory and field-based projects, published findings, and obtained funding. Published 10 papers (four first author). Presented research at eight workshops and international meetings. Co-PI and PI on more than two million dollars worth of grants. Led expeditions to remote Maug Island, and conducted monitoring operations throughout the Caribbean and Atlantic. Led the development and installation of state of the art coral sclerochronology and CT scanning infrastructure at AOML. Received the CIMAS Outstanding Science Award. Widely communicated research through numerous popular media outlets. Mentored an undergraduate student and served on two Master’s student committees.

Postdoctoral Associate, UM/CIMAS-NOAA/AOML (01/01/11 - 12/31/2013)

Duties and accomplishments: Worked with project PI’s to conduct research investigating the impacts of ocean acidification on coral reefs in the Florida Keys. Published nine papers (four first author). Helped to implement the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program in St. Croix, Saipan, and American Samoa, and participated in research expeditions to New Caledonia and French Polynesia. Presented work at four international meetings, and two workshops. Developed new methodologies to employ micro-CT to quantify bioerosion and calcification.

Associated grants and fellowships

·       PI, Coral restoration in natural ocean acidification refugia (NOAA; 2014-Present)

·       PI, Rare reefs in an ocean acidification hotspot at Maug Island, CNMI (NOAA; 2014)

·       PI Coral reef assessment associated with the Broward numeric nutrient project (FDEP, EPA, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer; 2013-2015)

·       Co-PI, Coral Omics’: Molecular mechanisms of reef resilience (NOAA, OAR; 2016)

·       Co-PI, National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: In situ climate and ocean acidification monitoring (NOAA; 2013-Present)

·       Co-PI, Elucidating the recipe for coral reef resilience in the Florida Keys (NOAA; 2016)

·       Co-PI, Coral growth and reef framework persistence of the Florida Reef Tract with accelerating ocean acidification (NOAA; 2014-2015)

·       Co-PI, Atlantic ocean acidification test bed (NOAA; 2012-2015)

·       Rowland Research Support Fellowship (University of Miami; 2009)

·       Lerner-Gray Fellowship (American Museum of Natural History; 2008)


US DOC AOML Certificate of Appreciation (3 awards, 2016); CIMAS Outstanding Scientific Performance Award (2015); RSMAS Fellowship (2006 – 2007); Bowman Foster Ashe Scholarship (2002 – 2006); University Honors Program (2002 – 2006); UM Department of Marine Science, Honors (2006)


NOAA Science Days (Invited), Washington, DC (2016). Talk title: Technology meets the reefs of tomorrow: Monitoring, forecasting, and mitigating the impacts of ocean acidification.

13th International Coral Reef Symposium (Session chair, presenter), Honolulu, Hawaii (2016). Talk title: Micro-CT analysis of naturally acidified coral skeletons: Depression of net calcification driven by enhanced bioerosion and reduced accretion.

Fourth International Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World, Hobart, Australia (2016). Talk title: Volcanic acidification at Maug Island correlated with spatial shift from coral to algae-dominated ecosystem.

Ocean Sciences, New Orleans (2016). Talk title: Volcanic acidification of coral reefs at Maug Island: Influences on biological processes and ecosystem structure.

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Bite Size Science Lecture Series (Invited), Miami, Florida (2016). Talk title: Coral reefs in high CO2 seas: Combining laboratory and field observations to inform conservation and management.

Central Caribbean Marine Institute (Invited), Little Cayman, Cayman Islands (2015). Talk title: Ocean acidification and coral reefs: Background, research, natural laboratories.

NOAA’s Coral Collaboration Meeting Lecture Series (Invited), Miami, Florida (2015). Talk title: Naturally acidified coral reefs at Maug Island, CNMI.

2nd WESTPAC Training Workshop on Research and Monitoring of the Ecological Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reef Ecosystems (Invited), Phuket, Thailand (2015). Talk title: Bioerosion and ocean acidification: Background, monitoring, methodologies, and NCRMP.

ASLO Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Grenada, Spain (2015). Talk title: Naturally acidified coral reefs at Maug Island: Similarities and differences with other high-CO2 systems.

Workshop on Evaluating Coral Traits to Enhance Restoration Success (Invited) Miami, FL (2014). Talk title: Acropora cervicornis and ocean acidification: Morphology and methods.

Mote Ocean Acidification Workshop (Invited), Sarasota, Florida (2013). Talk title: Components of investigation OA on the Florida Reef Tract.

AGU Meeting of the Americas (Invited), Cancun, Mexico (2013). Talk title: Monitoring the impacts of ocean acidification on coral reef bioerosion: Challenges, methods, recommendations.

12th International Coral Reef Symposium, Cairns, Australia (2012). Talk title: Biodiversity and trophic potential across a gradient of framework degradation.

AGU, San Francisco, California (2012). Talk title: Ocean acidification refugia of the Florida Reef Tract.

Coral Reef Ocean Acidification Monitoring Program, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida (2012). Talk title: Methods for monitoring bioerosion.

40th Benthic Ecology Meetings, Mobile, Alabama (2011). Talk title: Moderate levels of coral mortality promote metazoan biodiversity with a reef ecosystem.

11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida (2008). Talk title: The effects of coral mortality on the community composition of cryptic metazoans associated with Pocillopora damicornis.


Television: Waterways Television Series, Changing Seas Television Series (WPBT2), Hurricane (3D Documentary). Print: Miami Herald, Bradenton Herald, Environmental Monitor. Audio: German Public Radio/NDR. Web: AlgaeWorld.org, Archaeology News Network, AZOCleanTech.com, BioPortfolio.com, BrightSurf.com, Climate Wire, EnvironmentGuru.com, Environmental Protection, GeologyPage.com, Gizmodo.com, Hakai Magazine, HealthMedicineNetwork.com, IFLScience.com, JustMarineNews.com, Lifesciencesworld.com, Phys.org, ScienceBlog.com, ScienceDaily.com, ScienceNewsLine.com article 1, article 2, TakePart.com, TerraDaily.com, TorontoStar.com, Yahoo News


Nerd Nite Miami – Public lecture series at Gramps in Wynwood (2016)

Skype with Scientists – Outreach with science campers at MacArthur Beach State Park (2016)

Screening of PBS Maug – Public Q&A concerning PBS2 Changing Seas Episode on Maug (2016)

Coral Nursery – Established coral nursery maintained by students at Island School in Bahamas (2015)

Visiting scientist

Cape Eleuthra Institute (2014); Living Oceans Foundation (2013); Mote Marine Lab (2013); Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2008 – 2011); Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (2009); Florida Museum of Natural History (2009)

Student mentor

Undergraduate Departmental Honors, University of Miami (3), Masters of Professional Science, University of Miami (1), Masters of Science, University of the Virgin Islands (2)

Teaching experience

Guest lecturer – University of Oregon (2016)

Guest lecturer - Ecology and Physiology of Coral Reefs, University of Miami, RSMAS (2009, 2011, 2013, 2015)

Guest lecturer - UM Marine Science Honor Society, University of Miami (2009)

Guest lecturer - UM Undergraduate Marine Biology, University of Miami (2007)

Teaching assistant - Ecology and Physiology of Coral Reefs, University of Miami, RSMAS (2009),

Teaching assistant, lecturer - Introduction to Invertebrate Zoology Lab, University of Miami, RSMAS (2008)

Teaching assistant, lecturer - Marine Biology Lab, University of Miami (2007)

Journal reviewer

ASLO eLectures, Bulletin of Marine Science, Coral Reefs, Ecology, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, Global Change Biology, Hydrobiologia, ICES Marine Science, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Journal of Geophysical Research, Limnology and Oceanography, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Nature Communications, PeerJ, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Scientific Reports, Science of the Total Environment

Field experience

American Samoa (2013); Dry Tortugas, Florida (2015); Florida Keys (2010-2016); Flower Garden Banks (2015); Galapagos Islands, Ecuador (2009); Gambier Island Group, French Polynesia (2013); Maug, Marianas Islands (2014); New Caledonia (2013); Panamá (2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011); Papua New Guinea (2016); Puerto Rico (2011, 2015); Saipan, Marianas Islands (2013); St. Croix, USVI (2013, 2014); St. Thomas, USVI (2014)

Relevant skills and qualifications

AAUS authorized scuba diver (100ft, 10 years), circuit design and physical programming (LabVIEW, Arduino IDE), statistics and database design (R, Matlab, PRIMER, MS Access); 3D modeling and analysis (Amira, Autodesk Inventor, Google Sketchup, Meshlab, FlexScan3D, Leios2), spatial analysis (ArcGIS); image analysis (ImageJ, CoralXDS, CPCe), carbonate chemistry analysis (DIC, Apollo SciTech AS-C3; TA, Apollo SciTech AS-ALK2; pCO2,  LI-COR 820, Pro Oceanus CO2-Pro CV; pH, Satlantic SeaFET, Sunburst SAMI-pH, Honeywell Durafet), figure preparation (Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop)

Peer-reviewed publications

(RG Score, 26.99; Google Scholar h-index, 16; Google Scholar Citations, 679)

Stanley C, Kaiser T, Gidley ML, Enochs IC, Jones PR, Goodwin KD, Sinigalliano CD, Sadowsky MJ, Chun CL (2017) Differential impacts of land-based sources of pollution on the microbiota of Southeast Florida coral reefs. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. doi:10.1128/AEM.03378-16

Kuffner IB, Bartels E, Stathakopoulos A, Enochs IC, Kolodziej G, Toth LT, Manzello DP (2017) Plasticity in skeletal characteristics of nursery-raised staghorn coral, Acropora cervicornis. Coral Reefs. doi: 10.1007/s00338-017-1560-2

Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Kolodziej G, Noonan, SHC, Valentino L, Fabricius KE (2016) Enhanced macroboring and depressed calcification drive net dissolution at high-CO2 coral reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283: 20161742. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.1742 http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/283/1842/20161742.article-info

Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Tribollet A, Valentino L, Kolodziej G, Donham EM, Fitchett MD, Carlton R, Price NN (2016) Elevated colonization of microborers at a volcanically acidified coral reef. PLoS ONE 11(7): e0159818. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0159818; http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0159818

Camp EF, Smith DJ, Evenhuis C, Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Woodcock S, Suggett DJ (2016) Acclimatization to high-variance habitats does not enhance physiological tolerance of two key Caribbean corals to future temperature and pH. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283: 20160442. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.0442; http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/283/1831/20160442

Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Wishing HH, Carlton R, Serafy J (2015) Micro-CT analysis of the Caribbean octocoral Eunicea flexuosa subjected to elevated pCO2. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73: 910–919. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv159; http://icesjms.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/09/12/icesjms.fsv159.abstract

Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Donham, EM, Kolodziej G, Okano R, et al. (2015) Shift from coral to macroalgae dominance on a volcanically acidified reef. Nature Climate Change 5: 1083-1088. doi:10.1038/nclimate2758; http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v5/n12/full/nclimate2758.html

Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Carlton R, Graham DM, Ruzicka R, Colella MA (2015) Ocean acidification enhances the bioerosion of a common coral reef sponge: implications for the persistence of the Florida Reef Tract. Bulletin of Marine Science 91(2): 271-290. doi: 10.5343/bms.2014.1045; http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/2015/00000091/00000002/art00008

Manzello DP, Enochs IC, Kolodziej G, Carlton R (2015) Coral growth patterns of Montastraea cavernosa and Porites astreoides in the Florida Keys: the importance of thermal stress and inimical waters. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 471: 198-207. doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2015.06.010; http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098115001665

Towle EK, Enochs IC, Langdon C (2015) Threatened Caribbean coral is able to mitigate the adverse effects of ocean acidification on calcification by increasing feeding rate. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0123394. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0123394; http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0123394

Manzello DP, Enochs IC, Kolodziej G, Carlton R (2015) Recent decade of growth and calcification of Orbicella faveolata in the Florida Keys: an inshore-offshore comparison. Marine Ecology Progress Series 521: 81-89. doi:10.3354/meps11085; http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v521/p81-89/

Manzello DP, Enochs IC, Bruckner A, Renaud P, Kolodziej G, Carlton R, Glynn PW (2014) Galápagos coral reef persistence after ENSO warming across an acidification gradient. Geophysical Research Letters 41(24): 9001-9008. doi: 10.1002/2014GL062501; http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL062501/abstract

Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Carlton R, Schopmeyer S, van Hooidonk R, Lirman D (2014) Effects of light and elevated pCO2 on the growth and photochemical efficiency of Acropora cervicornis. Coral Reefs 33(2): 477-485. doi: 10.1007/s00338-014-1132-7; http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00338-014-1132-7

Glynn PW, Enochs IC, Afflerbach JA, Brandtneris VW, Serafy JE (2014) Eastern Pacific reef fish responses to coral recovery following El Nino disturbances. Marine Ecology Progress Series 495: 233-247. doi: 10.3354/meps10594; http://www.int-res.com/abstracts/meps/v495/p233-247/

Manzello DP, Enochs IC, Musielewicz S, Carlton R, Gledhill D (2013) Tropical cyclones cause CaCO3 undersaturation of coral reef seawater in a high-CO2 world. Journal of Geophysical Research. 118(10): 5312-5321. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20378; http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgrc.20378/abstract

Bignami S, Enochs IC, Manzello DP, Sponaugle S, Cowen RK (2013) Ocean acidification alters the otoliths of a pan-tropical fish species with implications for sensory function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 110(18): 7366-7370. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1301365110;


Enochs IC, Manzello DP (2012) Species richness of motile cryptofauna across a gradient of reef framework erosion. Coral Reefs 31(3): 653-661. doi: 10.1007/s00338-012-0886-z; http://www.springerlink.com/content/u0028qu2x0185120/fulltext.pdf

Enochs IC, Manzello DP (2012) Responses of cryptofaunal species richness and trophic potential to coral reef habitat degradation. Diversity 4(1): 94-104. doi: 10.3390/d4010094; http://www.mdpi.com/1424-2818/4/1/94/pdf

Enochs IC (2012) Motile cryptofauna associated with live and dead coral substrates: implications for coral mortality and framework erosion. Marine Biology 159(4): 709-722. doi: 10.1007/s00227-011-1848-7; http://www.springerlink.com/content/56373410812q7116/

Toth LT, Aronson RB, Vollmer SV, Hobbs JW, Urrengo DH, Cheng H, Enochs IC, Combosch DJ, van Woesik R, Macintyre IG (2012) ENSO drove 2500-year collapse of eastern Pacific coral reefs. Science 337(6090): 81-84. doi: 10.1126/science.1221168; http://www.sciencemag.org/content/337/6090/81

Manzello DP, Enochs IC, Melo N, Gledhill DK, Johns EM (2012) Ocean acidification refugia of the Florida Reef Tract. PLoS ONE 7(7): e41715. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041715; http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0041715

Enochs IC, Toth LT, Brandtneris VW, Afflerbach JA, Manzello DP (2011) Environmental determinants of motile cryptofauna on an eastern Pacific coral reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series 438: 105-118. doi: 10.3354/meps09259; http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps2011/438/m438p105.pdf

Glynn PW, Colley SB, Guzman HM, Enochs IC, Cortés J, Maté JL, Feingold JS (2011) Reef coral reproduction in the eastern Pacific: Costa Rica, Panamá and the Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). VI. Agariciidae, Pavona clavus. Marine Biology 158(7): 1601-1617. doi: 10.1007/s00227-011-1673-z; http://www.springerlink.com/content/0437704h4782243r/fulltext.pdf

Enochs IC, Hockensmith G (2009) The effects of coral mortality on the community composition of cryptic metazoans associated with Pocillopora damicornis. Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium. http://www.nova.edu/ncri/11icrs/proceedings/files/m26-08.pdf

Glynn PW, Enochs IC, McCosker JE, Graefe AN (2008) The First Record of a pearlfish, Carapus mourlani (Petit, 1934), inhabiting the aplysiid opisthobranch mollusc Dolabella auricularia (Lightfoot, 1786). Pacific Science 62(4): 593-601. doi: 0.2984/1534-6188(2008)62[593:FROAPC]2.0.CO;2; http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.2984/1534-6188%282008%2962%5B593:FROAPC%5D2.0.CO;2

Glynn PW, Colley SB, Maté JL, Cortés J, Guzman HM, Bailey RL, Feingold JS, Enochs IC (2008) Reproductive ecology of the azooxanthellate coral Tubastraea coccinea in the Equatorial Eastern Pacific: Part V. Dendrophylliidae. Marine Biology 153(4): 529-544. doi: 10.1007/s00227-007-0827-5; http://www.springerlink.com/content/20h52hw51lq378n5/

Books and book chapters

Glynn PW, Manzello DP, Enochs IC (2016) Coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: Persistence and loss in a dynamic environment. Springer. 931 p.

Enochs IC, Glynn PW (2016) Corallivory in the eastern Pacific. In: Glynn PW, Manzello DP, Enochs IC (eds.) Coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: Persistence and loss in a dynamic environment. Springer

Enochs IC, Glynn PW (2016) Trophodynamics of eastern Pacific coral reefs. In: Glynn PW, Manzello DP, Enochs IC (eds.) Coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: Persistence and loss in a dynamic environment. Springer

Cortés J, Enochs IC, Sibjaja-Cordero J, Hernández L, Alvarado JJ, Breedy O, Cruz-Barraza JA, Esquivel-Garrote O, Fernández-García C, Hermosillo A, Kaiser KL, Medina-Rosas P, Morales-Ramírez A, Pacheco C, Reyes-Bonilla H, Riosmena-Rodríguez R, Sánchez-Noguera C, Zapata FA, Wieters E, Pérez-Matus A (2016) Marine biodiversity of eastern tropical Pacific coral reefs. In: Glynn PW, Manzello DP, Enochs IC (eds.) Coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: Persistence and loss in a dynamic environment. Springer

Glynn PW, Enochs IC (2010) Invertebrates and their roles in coral reef ecosystems. In: Z. Dubinsky, Stambler, N. (eds.) Coral reefs: an ecosystem in transition. Springer. pp 273-326.